Mauritius was once a volcano that formed part of a chain stretching from Reunion Island (French Department) in the South, where there is still an active volcano (La Fournaise), and Seychelles in the North. During several million years, erosion carved the ancient volcano, leaving it with a steep form and jagged peaks.
Mauritius has the shape of a ‘pear’ and covers 1865 square kilometers, and does only 62 kilometres long and wide 48. It is located at 20 degrees below Ecuator, in the extreme south of the band of the tropics.
An almost continuous coral reef surrounds the island, the only opening of importance being in the South. A gap extending between Souillac and Le Souffleur to his north where some of the major rivers in the island empties into the sea.
Maurice has a maritime tropical climate that knows practically only two seasons: summer and winter.
During the summer months of November to April temperatures can reach 35 degrees and some torrential but brief showers, to cool the island.
From May to October “the Mauritian winter” temperatures are more comfortable with average 25 degrees.
Fortunately although annual Indian ocean produced many cyclones, they are often off the coast of the island. From time to time it is lashed by heavy rains and high winds brought by hurricanes passing a short distance.
Often this allows to refresh somewhat the atmosphere, after many days hot and humid.
Formerly Maurice was covered by dense forests and lush tropical vegetation. Trees in these forests being straight and high, they were very sought by settlers who were exporting to Europe. There they were used in shipbuilding, for buildings and furniture manufacturing. The french, after their arrival in 1715, continued to clear the forests and Bush in order to plant vast sugar cane fields.
The island is full of flowers in vivid colors. There are amount of Bougainvilliers, multicolored, yellow flowers of Alamanda, the red flames of Frangipani, Hibiscus, Strelitzia, Anthurium, Orchids and Poinsettias